Ventilation & tracheostoma
Ventilation & tracheostoma are very complex medical and technical areas. Care is provided exclusively by artificial respiration specialists within the framework of a care plan. Therapy is often started in hospital and continued at home, if the child is mobile.
The following belong to product group 14 ventilation:
- aerosol inhalation devices
- oxygen therapy equipment
- ear ventilation aids
- respiratory therapy for expectoration
- ventilation equipment for intermittent and life-supporting ventilation
- equipment for treating sleep-related breathing disorders
- masks for customising respiratory systems
- respiratory humidifiers,
- monitoring, if required
A tracheostoma is a surgically placed inlet into the air tube (artificial body orifice) in the patient’s throat. Performing a tracheostomy creates a new airway that partly bypasses the nasopharyngeal cavity. As a consequence, the natural protective functions and mechanisms in the airways are limited or completely lost.
The assistive devices directory differentiates between children and adults in this context. The particular anatomical characteristics and needs of ventilated/tracheostomised children place special demands on material composition and product features of the aids. What kind of tube is required depends on the medical indication and can vary from child to child. The material should be especially soft and adaptable. Additionally, the size of the tube must be constantly monitored and adjusted because children grow fast. More often than not, tracheal cannulas have to be custom-made (e.g. with speaking valve) because of the wearer’s special anatomical characteristics.